Plantar warts are growths on the skin of the palms and soles of the feet. Plantar warts occur in about 30% of cases of benign tumors of the skin and are the most often case of removing. The other name of a plantar wart is Verruca plantaris (Latin).
Let’s analyze in detail the causes of plantar warts, their appearance, as well as methods of plantar wart treatment and plantar wart removal, and ways of preventing their further occurrence.
Causes of Plantar Warts on Feet
The main cause is the human papillomavirus, or HPV. This virus causes the appearance of various tumor-like masses of epithelial tissues on skin and on mucous membrane, it can even cause cervix cancer.
HPV infection occurs in childhood. Almost all children are infected with the virus. But not all of them get sick. Usually warts appear in childhood and adolescence, but then, as people grow older, the immune system of adults is already able to cope with the virus, and these growths no longer occur on the skin.
Aggravating factors are injuries of the soles of the feet: scratches, cuts, scrapes and blisters, excessive feet sweating and wearing tight shoes.
Plantar Warts – What Are the Symptoms?
The main sign and symptom of the disease is the presence of a dense skin growth on the plantar surface of the foot or on the palm. Why in these places? Because the skin on the feet and on the palms is especially thick, and this type of HPV infects specifically these layers of skin.
In appearance a plantar wart resembles a corn. At first it looks like a small bubble, or bump, but unlike corn it does not hurt and does not contain any liquid.
Over time, a few weeks later, this “bubble” increases in size and becomes a yellowish white rounded or oval growth (in the background of pink skin), often with black dots inside. These black spots are the result of blockage of blood vessels inside the plantar wart on foot or hand.
The peculiarity of such a wart is that it grows into the skin. Therefore, when walking a person pushes it with all his or her weight, and the wart hurts during walking. By the way, this is the main complaint of the patient – pain in the foot during walking. In addition, such wart itches. And the more it grows, the itchier it becomes.
Dimensions of warts on the soles or palms range from 3 to 10 mm. However, they are raised above the skin surface by 1-2 mm maximum, because they grow in depth and diameter. Usually after a few months near it forms a secondary wart, which gradually merge with the parent wart and forms a painful conglomerate which already requires medical treating.
Plantar Wart Pictures
Conventional Treatment of Plantar Warts
So, gradually we come to the main question – how to get rid of plantar warts. In general, it should be noted that this type of tumors usually subside on its own in 90% of people without any treatment. The immune system itself handles the infection, suppresses the development of virus and heals the skin. But this process is slow and can take about a few months, even up to 12-18.
When should plantar warts be treated?
Treating plantar warts is necessary if it bothers and hurts too much during walking, if it has expanded greatly and secondary warts began to appear. I.e., you should begin treatment when the body cannot cope alone with the disease and needs help.
How to cure warts on the soles of the feet and on the palms?
All conventional methods for removal of plantar warts can be divided into three types: physical, chemical and operational methods. Let’s examine all three in detail.
- Physical methods. They involve the use of physical agents to remove plantar warts: laser, liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy).
- Chemical methods – the use of chemicals that cause chemical burns to the skin, the skin dieaway together with the wart and later formation of a noticeable scar on this place. As plantar wart remover act such substances as trichloroacetic acid (TCA), nitric acid, salicylic acid, etc.
- Operational methods. In this case, for treatment of plantar warts they apply surgical removal with a scalpel under local anesthesia, electrocautery, removal by laser, radio wave or ultrasonic scalpel.
Traditional Methods of Treatment and Removal of Plantar Warts
Among home remedies for plantar warts the following should be mentioned:
1. Garlic. Garlic is a very popular home treatment due to it antiviral effect. The wart needs to be softened in hot water and partially cut with nail scissors. In this case, cut the skin roll around and carefully cut off a little the very tissue of the wart. Even if the blood vessels of the wart root became a little bleeding, it’s not terrible and even good for the healing process.
Cut a slice of garlic and put it on the wart, attaching with plaster. Leave the remedy for the night. In the morning cut a fresh garlic slice and attach it instead of the previous. Do so every day for a week or two. Usually with such a treatment a wart disappears during a month leaving no trace.
2. Fresh juice of celandine. Celandine juice is also a good solution as it also has antiviral properties. The method of treatment is even simpler. Every day, several times a day, smear the growth with fresh orange juice of celandine. Typically, such treatment is enough to get rid of a plantar wart during one month. If you cut the wart a little (as it is described in the recipe with garlic) it will be cured even better.
Prevention of Warts on Feet and Palms
- Wear loose shoes;
- Treat excessive sweating of your;
- Timely take care of your feet injuries, scratches and cuts;
- Never use someone else’s shoes, shower or pool flip-flops and towels and disinfect your feet after visiting public pools;
- Healthy lifestyle improves the immunity and prevents the development of any viral diseases, including HPV virus.