Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin inflammation. According to statistics people of 40 are the most likely to have this problem. But there are patients of different ages, mostly men. Children rarely develop seborrheic dermatitis. The cause of seborrheic dermatitis is excessive colonization of the fungus called Malassezia Furfur (also known as Pityrosporum Ovale). The fungus locates close to sebaceous glands. The most often affected areas include: scalp, face, nose, forehead, chest, head and shoulders.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic disease which can progress in two forms: severe and mild seborrheic dermatitis. If you have this disease, don’t become too upset, as there are many effective ways of treating seborrheic dermatitis.
Symptoms of Seborrheic Dermatitis
It is easy to notice symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis as one of them is dandruff. Among the others are:
- skin irritation;
- skin redness;
- appearance of white or yellow scales;
- acne or rash;
- soreness of the affected skin;
- increased sensitivity of the skin.
You also can notice yellowish crust with red weeping skin underneath. If you scratch these lesions you run a risk to bring the infection and aggravate your condition.
Sometimes the described seborrheic dermatitis symptoms can indicate another skin disease – psoriasis. But you need to consult a doctor to found out the difference between psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis.
Seborrheic Dermatitis Pictures
Seborrheic Dermatitis Causes
The exact seborrheic dermatitis causes are not identified yet. Much attention is paid to genetic factors, stress and decreased immunity.
Almost all people have Malassezia Furfur, but only some of them suffer from seborrheic dermatitis, because only the combination of many factors provokes the excessive growth of the fungus. What causes seborrheic dermatitis then? Among risk factors are:
- bad habits;
- hereditary components of sebum;
- hormonal changes and some other factors.
The experts believe that one of the root causes of seborrheic dermatitis lies within your gut. That is why some doctors advise to consume diluted apple cider vinegar to clean your body from inside and normalize digestion. Besides it strengthens your immune system and improves your skin condition.
Seborrheic Dermatitis on Face
Seborrheic dermatitis on face is becoming more common. It is easy to identify because of peeling itchy clusters forming on your face. In most serious cases the disease affects even the ear areas and your eyelids. If you do not begin to treat the disease in time, the peeling intensifies; flakes become oily, thicken and turn yellow, which brings a risk of repeated infection.
Often seborrheic dermatitis occurs to teenagers when puberty begins. But when sebum production normalizes the disease usually retreats. Adults develop face dermatitis due to the following reasons:
- various infections;
- surplus of carbohydrate and fat food;
- digestive tract problems;
- thyroid disorders;
- lack of vitamins.
Sometimes it is sufficient to exclude from the menu some dangerous products in order to get rid of the disease:
- seasoning and spices;
Some people recommend using coconut oil as a curing method for seborrheic dermatitis as well as for daily facial cleansing.
Seborrheic Dermatitis of the Scalp
According to medical statistics the disease affects 3 – 5 % of the population, and particularly often it occurs to people aged 18-40. Causes of seborrheic dermatitis on scalp are concealed in abnormal development of lipophilic fungus Malassezia Furfur. Under certain conditions it begins to multiply and grow accompanied with disorder of skin barrier function and excessive sebum excretion.
Hyperactivity of fungal microflora develops due to the following factors:
- endocrine system diseases;
- hormonal disorders;
- nervous system disorders;
- decreased immunity;
- emotional stress;
- excessive physical exercising;
- climatic zones changes.
The treatment of seborrheic dermatitis on scalp is complex. It aims at elimination of the symptoms and fighting the initial cause. Special seborrheic dermatitis diet is mandatory. This diet is based on food that contains a lot of zinc, A, B, C vitamins and selenium. As long as the disease manifests itself, you have to use a special shampoo for seborrheic dermatitis. It contains keratolytic components, zinc and substances that help to eliminate the surplus of sebum. Doctor can also prescribe antifungal drugs and physiotherapy treatments (cryomassage, UV therapy). Modern methods include laser treatment. Some natural cures also give healing effect.
Seborrheic Dermatitis Among Children
Symptoms of infantile seborrheic dermatitis may vary depending on the affected area. If the lesion appeared on child’s face, doctors can diagnose dry and oily seborrheic dermatitis. Usual symptoms of the disease are:
- redness near eyelashes and eyebrows;
- appearance of scales around the wings of the nose and cheekbones;
- intense itching and pain of the affected areas.
Oily seborrheic dermatitis is accompanied by copious amounts of excreted sebum. Dry seborrheic dermatitis, on the contrary, dries the child’s skin causing peeling of the latter. Usually children’s form of seborrheic dermatitis locates in the nasolabial folds.
Severe seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp among children leads to hair loss and is sometimes accompanied by diarrhea, if the affected skin area is very large. When having seborrheic dermatitis infant becomes very fidgety.
The treatment of infantile seborrheic dermatitis requires a comprehensive method and usually involves the same procedures as seborrheic dermatitis treatment of adults. But you should consult a pediatrician for exact prescription. Perhaps the doctor will tell you how to prepare home remedies for seborrheic dermatitis.
Sometimes seborrheic dermatitis occurs to babies who are breastfed. With the end of breast feeding the disease usually disappears and a baby feels healthy again.
Seborrheic Dermatitis Treatment
How to treat seborrheic dermatitis? Consult a specialist for more detail. But the usual treatment includes medication necessary for the nervous system and digestive tract normalization. During treatment it is necessary to process the affected skin with weak solution of boric or salicylic acid. You also may use a cream with salicylic acid. At the same time ultraviolet therapy is required. You may also try out natural remedies for seborrheic dermatitis.
There are no drugs that are able to normalize the condition of your sebaceous glands. So the best treatment for seborrheic dermatitis is orientated on alleviation of the symptoms. With this aim doctors prescribe antifungal therapy.
Seborrheic dermatitis on face requires a special approach. Particularly often doctors who know how to treat seborrheic dermatitis recommend ketoconazole, which can slow down and even stop the growth of fungal bacteria. Apply the remedy to your skin and wash off after 3 minutes.
Seborrheic dermatitis on back and chest should be treated with special soap or nizoral shampoo, antifungal drugs and immunomodulators. Nowadays different derm-essentials gain the popularity due to their healing features.
Folk medicine can bring quite good results. Tea tree oil is an effective natural treatment against fungus. Popular seborrheic dermatitis natural treatment involves using herbal decoction or lotion as a face or hair wash.
Seborrheic Dermatitis Diet
The first piece of advice, which any doctor will give you is sticking to a seborrheic diet. You have to establish proper diet regardless of the degree of the disease development. It is necessary to adhere to a very strict menu which will help to restore the balance and therefore prevent fungus growth. What will the new menu include?
- Liquid. Drink fresh juices, fruit drinks, natural herbal infusions and pure fresh water;
- Dietary meat. This include lean pork and beef, white chicken meat and lean fish;
- Vegetables. Consume dishes from pumpkin, zucchini, squash, cabbage and asparagus and laminaria. The other vegetables are also acceptable in limited quantities;
- Dairy products. Cottage cheese, yogurt and sour milk are good for you. Eat milk porridges;
- Berries. You can eat them fresh or frozen or make fruit drinks. You will benefit from eating gooseberry, currant, cranberry, watermelon and cherries.
The list of forbidden food is also big:
- fried and fat food;
- starchy products;
- marinated or smoked products;
- junk food;
- citrus fruit;
Now you know the answer to the question: “What is seborrheic dermatitis?” Understanding the causes of seborrheic dermatitis that provoke this disease you can give the answer to the question: “Is seborrheic dermatitis contagious?” Obviously not, as it is triggered by the fungus which almost all of us have. As we know why this fungus multiplies, we can easily realize how to get rid of seborrheic dermatitis. This disease is very unpleasant, but relatively easy to cure.