Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic inflammation of skin, occurring due to the activation of opportunistic saprophyte fungus. This fungus lives permanently on almost everyone’s skin, but does not manifest itself fully. Seborrheic dermatitis on face develops when this fungus starts multiplying when favorable conditions for its reproduction happen.
About 5% of the population is prone to facial seborrheic dermatitis. Even a baby can have it. Among the risk groups are teenagers, people with a genetic predisposition, HIV-positive and those who suffer from seborrhea. Male are more likely to develop seborrheic dermatitis than women. If you want to know what causes seborrheic dermatitis on the face and how to treat seborrheic dermatitis on face read this article up to the end.
Causes of Seborrheic Dermatitis on Face
Among possible causes of seborrheic dermatitis on face or on any other part of your body are:
- immunity disorders;
- thinning of the local skin barrier (on face);
- constant stress;
- harmful habits;
- chronic sleep deprivation;
- endocrine disorders;
- high skin oiliness;
- unhealthy diet;
- pancreatic diabetes;
- vitamins deficiency.
Seborrheic dermatitis may accompany chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract or can be a side effect of a long intake of hormonal preparations. Due to these reasons the fungus begins to multiply rapidly and releases a lot of toxic waste products that are harmful to the skin on the face.
Symptoms of Dermatitis on Face
Mild seborrheic dermatitis can be identified by the following symptoms:
- severe irritation of skin, accompanied by redness;
- severe itching;
- burning and peeling;
- increased skin sensitivity;
- appearance of yellow and white scales on the damaged areas of the skin;
- small but numerous papules on the face, localized on cheeks, forehead, eyebrows and in the nasolabial area.
There are several types of seborrheic dermatitis:
- Oily seborrhea is the most common type of the disease. Along the above mentioned seborrheic dermatitis on face symptoms patients have excessively oily skin, because sebaceous glands begin to produce a lot of sebum. A greasy film covers a patient’s face. This gradually leads to a proliferation of different pathogenic fungi and mites, which exacerbates the situation.
- Dry seborrhea happens less often. With this type of dermatitis skin becomes very dry and cracks. Sebum production reduces greatly. These symptoms you can find on an infant face, because children are more prone to this type of seborrheic dermatitis.
- Mixed seborrhea combines symptoms of oily and dry seborrhea simultaneously: dry seborrhea locates on the scalp, oily – on the skin of face.
Symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis on face do not occur immediately. Patient’s condition deteriorates gradually. If the problem is not identified in time and appropriate treatment is not started, you may develop even erythroderma.
Seborrheic dermatitis can be easily confused with other diseases (psoriasis, candidiasis, ringworm or atopic dermatitis). You should immediately consult a dermatologist after the occurrence of the first disturbing signs. The doctor will diagnose and prescribe an adequate seborrheic dermatitis on face treatment. It is also necessary to consult a gynecologist (for women), a neurologist, an endocrinologist and a gastroenterologist.
Seborrheic Dermatitis on Face Pictures
How to Treat Seborrheic Dermatitis on Face
This disease requires complex facial seborrheic dermatitis treatment. Apart from treating facial seborrheic dermatitis symptoms, doctors have to identify and remove the main cause of dermatitis.
What is usually prescribed by a doctor?
- A special diet. You should give up eating too spicy and salty food, sweets and starchy food;
- Corticosteroids. They can effectively eliminate itching and redness. But they also may aggravate the situation, as they have severe side effects: acne rosacea, skin thinning and perioral dermatitis. Therefore, you must take these drugs for a short time and under a specialist’s supervision;
- Different lotions, ointments, or solutions containing zinc, which dries your skin and reduces inflammation. It also has an antifungal effect;
- Salicylic acid (1% or 2%). It is successfully used to treat many skin diseases. You can even find a special cream for face with salicylic acid;
- Oral antimycotic. For more efficiency the disease is treated not only locally, but also from the inside;
- Vitamins. To enhance immunity and maintain a good body shape you need vitamin support. Particularly important for skin are fish oil and vitamins A and E;
- Special skin care products. If you have dermatitis, ordinary cosmetics are not suitable as they may irritate sensitive and exhausted skin;
- Sedative remedy. Often stress can lead to severe deterioration in the clinical presentation of the disease. Therefore, doctors usually prescribe sedatives;
- Ultraviolet radiation and cryotherapy. These procedures have been successfully used for treating facial seborrheic dermatitis.
Treatment of seborrheic dermatitis takes quite a long time. Therefore it is necessary to strictly follow the recommendations of experts. Don’t start the treatment from aggressive drugs. Doctors prescribe sparing agents at first, and if they do not help more potent agents are used.
You should also remember that dermatitis is a chronic disease. From time to time you need to take preventive measures in order to avoid recurrence of the disease in the future.
Traditional Methods of Facial Seborrheic Sermatitis Treatment
This disease cannot be treated only by natural remedies for seborrheic dermatitis on face. However, natural treatment for seborrheic dermatitis on face can help to restore your skin after the disease and to alleviate the unpleasant symptoms of dermatitis (peeling, itching, burning).
Tea tree oil has great anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect. You can apply it in pure form to the affected skin. But still you should use tea tree oil with great caution, as there is a risk to get even more severe irritation or even to burn your skin on face. It is best to apply this oil in a mixture with base oils: sea buckthorn, laurel oil or shea butter. Mix two drops of tea tree oil with a tablespoon of base oils. Lubricate the affected areas of your skin with this mixture 2 times a day, in the morning and in the evening.
Herbal decoctions from chamomile, St. John’s wort, sage, calendula and beggar-ticks are also efficient. All of these herbs have excellent anti-inflammatory properties. Draw a tablespoon of the herb mixture in a glass of boiling water for 30 minutes. When it cools you can wipe your face with this decoction as with a tonic. Such decoction is a healing face wash for seborrheic dermatitis.
It is also advised to make a fresh grated cucumber mask. Grate a middle-sized cucumber on a coarse grater, apply the resulting mixture on your face for 20 minutes and then rinse off with warm water. You may also add a teaspoon of honey into the mask.
Lemon juice also reduces itching and is used for prevention of dermatitis. Dilute lemon juice in warm water in the ratio of 1: 1 and wipe your face with this solution.
How to Avoid Recurrence of Dermatitis on Face
You must adhere to the following rules in order to prevent new manifestations of the disease:
- Spend time in fresh air more often, especially in summer;
- If possible, try to spend holidays by the sea. Sea air is very beneficial for your skin;
- Get enough sleep – at least 8 hours of sleep a day;
- Avoid severe stress. Any chronic illness returns after a nervous shock or strong emotions;
- Eat properly. Eliminate harmful food from your diet;
- Forget about your bad habits. Alcohol consumption and smoking contribute to the weakening of the immune system. And that means a high risk of the disease recurrence;
- Take proper care of your skin. Do not overload it with cosmetic means, but do not leave it without attention. Use special pharmaceutical agents to take care of your face. Choose those which are suitable for your skin type.